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 RUSSIA

President: Vladimir Putin · Prime Minister: Mikhail Mishustin · Governing party: ER
Legislative elections: State Duma, 5-year term, 450 seats, 5% threshold, parallel voting (FPTP/PR: 225/225 seats):

Party 2021 2016
Edinaja Rossija (ER)
United Russia
Centrism
Statism
Social conservatism
49,8% 324 54,2% 343
Kommunističeskaja Partija Rossijskoj Federacii (KPRF)
Communist Party of the Russian Federation
Communism
Marxism-Leninism  
18,9% 57 13,3% 42
Liberalno-Demokratičeskaja Partija Rossii (LDPR)
Liberal Democratic Party of Russia
Nationalism
Right-wing populism
 7,5% 21 13,1% 39
Spravedlivaja Rossija-Za Pravdu (SR)
A Just Russia-For Truth
Social democracy
Democratic socialism 
7,5% 27 6,2% 23
Partija "Novyie Ljudi" (NL)
Party "New People"
Liberalism
   
5,3% 13 - -
Vserossijskaja Političeskaja Partija "Rodina" (RODINA)
All-Russian Political Party "Motherland"
Nationalism
   
0,8% 1 1,5% 1
Partija Rosta (ROST)
Party of Growth
Liberal conservatism
   
0,5% 1 1,3% -
Graždanskaja Platforma (GP)
Civic Platform
Liberal conservatism
   
0,2% 1 0,2% 1
Independents - 5 - 1
Others 9,5% - 10,2% -
Total - 450  - 450
Turnout 51,7% 47,8%

 © 2021 Wolfram Nordsieck. Source: Central Election Commission (http://www.cikrf.ru).

Archive: Legislative elections, 1995-2016 ( For full coverage, 1990-present, click here):

1995 1999 2003 2007 2011 2016
ER % - - 37,6 64,3 49,3 54,2
  S. - - 222 315 238 343
KPRF % 22,3 24,3 12,6 11,6 19,2 13,3
  S. 157 113 52 57 92 42
LDPR (...) % 11,2 6,0 11,5 8,1 11,7 13,1
  S. 51 17 36 40 56 39
SR (RODINA) % - - 9,0 7,7 13,2 6,2
  S. - - 37 38 64 23
JABLOKO % 6,9 5,9 4,3 1,6 3,4 2,0
  S. 45 20 4 - - -
RODINA % - - - - - 1,5
  S. - - - - - 1
ROST (SPS, ...) % 3,9 8,5 4,0 1,0 0,6 1,3
  S. 9 29 3 - - -
GP % - - - - - 0,2
  S. - - - - - 1
APR % 3,8 OVR 3,6 2,3 - -
  S. 20 (11) 2 - - -
MEDVED % - 23,3 - - - -
  S. - 73 - - - -
OVR % - 13,3 - - - -
  S. - 68 - - - -
ZR % 4,6 2,0 - - - -
  S. 3 - - - - -
NDR % 10,1 1,2 - - - -
    S. 55 7 - - - -
Independents % - - - - - -
  S. 77 105 68 - - 1
Others % 37,2 15,5 17,4 3,4 2,6 8,2
  S. 33 18 26 - - -
Total S. 450 450 450 450 450 450
Turnout % 64,4 61,7 55,7 63,8 60,2 47,8

Abbreviations: ER: United Russia; KPRF: Communist Party of the Russian Federation; LDPR: Liberal Democratic Party of Russia (1999: Bloc Zhirinovsky, BZ); SR: A Just Russia (2003: Motherland-National Patriotic Union, RODINA; 2007: A Just Russia-Motherland, Pensioners, Life, SR); JABLOKO: Russian United Democratic Party "Jabloko" (1995-1999: Jabloko; 2003: Russian Democratic Party "Jabloko"); RODINA: All-Russian Political Party "Motherland"; ROST: Party of Growth (1995: Democratic Choice of Russia-United Democrats, DVR; 1999-2007: Union of Right Forces, SPS; 2011: Right Cause, PD); GP: Civic Platform; APR: Agrarian Party of Russia; MEDVED: Interregional Movement Unity; OVR: Fatherland-All Russia; ZR: Womens' Party; NDR: Our House-Russia. © 2021 Wolfram Nordsieck.