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 ROMANIA

President: Klaus Johannis (PNL) · Prime Minister: Viorica Dancila (PSD) · Governing parties: PSD, ALDE
Legislative elections: Chamber of Deputies, 4-year term, 329 seats, 5% threshold (alliances 8-10%), party-list PR (2012: 412 seats, MMP):

Party 2016 2012
Partidul Social-Democrat (PSD)
Social Democratic Party
[2012: Social Liberal Union, USL]
Social democracy
  
45,5% 154 58,6% 273
Partidul Naţional Liberal (PNL)
National Liberal Party
Liberal conservatism  
  
20,0% 69 (USL) (100)
Uniunea Salvati Romānia (USR)
Save Romania Union
Anti-corruption politics  
 
8,9% 30 - -
Uniunea Democrata Maghiara din Romānia (UDMR)
Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania
Minority interests (HUN)
   
6,2% 21 5,1% 18
Alianta Liberalilor si Democratilor (ALDE)
Alliance of Liberals and Democrats
Liberalism
  
5,6% 20 - -
Partidul Mişcarea Populara (PMP)
People's Movement Party
Liberal conservatism
Christian democracy  
5,4% 18 - -
Partidul Democrat Liberal (PDL)
Democratic Liberal Party
[2012: Right Romania Alliance, ARD]
Liberal conservatism
Christian democracy
- - 16,5% 56
Partidul Poporului - Dan Diaconescu (PP-DD)
People's Party - Dan Diaconescu
     - - 14,0% 47
Minorities 8,4% 17 5,8% 18
Others - -
Total - 329 - 412
Turnout 39,8% 41,8%

 © 2016 Wolfram Nordsieck. Source: Central Electoral Bureau (http://parlamentare2016.bec.ro).

Archive: Legislative elections, 1992-2012 ( For full coverage, 1946/1990-present, click here):

1992 1996 2000 2004

2008

2012
USL % - - - - - 58,6
  S. - - - - - 273
PDL (PD, ARD, ...) % 10,2 12,9 7,0 DA 32,4 16,5
  S. 43 53 31 (48) 115 56
PP-DD % - - - - - 14,0
   S. - - - - - 47
UDMR % 7,5 6,6 6,8 6,2 6,2 5,1
  S. 27 25 27 22 22 18
PRM % 3,9 4,5 19,5 13,0 3,2 1,3
  S. 16 19 84 48 - -
PSD (PDSR, ...) % 27,7 21,5 36,6 36,8 33,1 USL
  S. 117 91 155 132 114 (150)
PNL % 2,6 CDR 6,9 DA 18,6 USL
  S. - (25) 30 (64) 65 (100)
PNTCD % CDR CDR CDR 1,9 - ARD
  S. (41) (83) - - - (1)
PC (PUR, ...) % 0,2 0,9 PDSR PSD PSD USL
  S. - - (6) (19) (4) (13)
UNPR % - - - - - USL
  S. - - - - - (10)
DA % - - - 31,5 - -
  S. - - - 112 - -
CDR % 20,0 30,2 5,0 - - -
  S. 82 122 - - - -
PUNR % 7,7 4,4 1,4 - - -
  S. 30 18 - - - -
PSM % 3,0 2,2 0,8 - - -
  S. 13 - - - - -
PSDR % CDR USD PDSR - - -
  S. (10) (10) (5) - - -
Others/Minorities % 17,2 16,8 16,0 10,6 6,5 4,5
  S. 13 15 18 18 18 18
Total S. 341 343 345 332 334 412
Turnout % 76,3 76,0 65,3 58,5 39,2 41,8

Abbreviations: USL: Social Liberal Union; PDL: Democratic Liberal Party (1992: National Salvation Front, FSN; 1996: United Social Democrats, USD; 2000: Democratic Party, PD; 2012: Right Romania Alliance, ARD); PP-DD: People's Party Dan Diaconescu; UDMR: Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania; PRM: Greater Romania Party; PSD: Social Democratic Party (1992: Democratic National Salvation Front, FDSN; 1996: Romanian Social Democracy Party, PDSR; 2000: Social Democracy Pole of Romania, PDSR; 2004: National Union Social Democratic Party-Humanist Party of Romania, PSD+PUR; 2008: Alliance Social Democratic Party-Conservative Party, PSD+PC); PNL: National Liberal Party; PNTCD: Christian Democratic National Peasants' Party; PC: Conservative Party (1996: National Union of the Centre, UNC; 1992, 2000-2004: Humanist Party of Romania, PUR); UNPR: UNPR: National Union for the Progress of Romania; DA: Justice and Truth Alliance; CDR: Democratic Convention of Romania; PUNR: Party of Romanian National Unity; PSM: Socialist Party of Labour; PSDR: Romanian Social Democratic Party. © 2016 Wolfram Nordsieck.